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Romania Cruises

About Romania

Romania is a country in southeastern Europe; it borders Hungary, Serbia, Ukraine and Bulgaria and lies along the Black Sea coast. The name comes from the Latin Romanus, but according to recent archeological excavations, human habitation in the area appears to date back 42,000 years. The country was formed in 1859 by the merging of Moldavia and Wallachia, gained independence in 1878, and in 1918 was joined by Transylvania, Bukovina and Bessarabia. The capital is Bucharest.

After World War II the country was partially occupied by the USSR until the fall of the Iron Curtain in 1989, which coincided with the Romanian Revolution in which Nicolae Ceausescu was overthrown and executed. Romania joined the European Union in 2007.

While the area boasts many beautifully preserved medieval castles, churches and villages, it is perhaps best known for Bran Castle. Built in 1212, Bran Castle was the home of the infamous Vlad the Impaler or “Dracula.” In addition to a colorful folkloric tradition, Romania has a rich cultural heritage of writers and musicians and is home to internationally renowned sculptor Constantin Brâncusi.