Founded in 1147, the capital of Russia lies in the shallow valley of the Moskva River, a tributary of the Volga. Visitors should be sure to see the Kremlin with its crenellated red brick walls surrounding many towers, cathedrals and palaces. Tour magnificent Red Square; admire the Byzantine splendor of brightly colored St. Basil’s Cathedral. Built in the 1550s, each of the church’s amazing domes has a different design and color. Other famous sites include the pedestrian shopping street Arbat; the world-renowned Moscow Circus; and the Armory with its priceless collection of crowns, thrones and royal armor.