The fourth largest city in Croatia, Osijek is located near the confluence of the Drava and Danube Rivers. It is the largest city and the economic and cultural capital of the eastern Croatian region of Slavonia. Its name comes from the Croatian word oseka, or ebb tide; it was so named because it is located on high ground and thus protected from flooding. Osijek was a Roman settlement called Mursa Maior (“major”), and has also been part of the Ottoman Empire (which rebuilt it completely) and the Habsburg monarchy. The city has thrived during the 19th and 20th centuries in terms of both economic and cultural development, and is a popular tourist destination. Perhaps its most recognizable attractions are the 18th-century Austro-Hungarian baroque citadel of Tvrda, the oldest part of the city, and the Drava promenade with its beautiful suspension bridge over the river. Fortunately the city avoided heavy bombardment during the Croatian War of Independence, and has been able to repair most of the surface damage sustained.