Lake Nasser is a vast body of water, a reservoir that was created in Upper Egypt by the construction of the Aswan Dam in the 1960s. The lake extends into northern Sudan, where it is called Lake Nubia.
The Aswan Dam was constructed during the period between 1958 and 1970 and was named for President Gamal Abdel Nasser, who initiated the project. Controversial at the time for a variety of reasons, the project was a response to uncontrolled annual flooding of the Nile, the river that is often life-giving but sometimes devastating. A high-water year could wipe out crops, while a low-water year would cause drought, either way leading to famine.
Construction of the lake required many projects involving the movement of major Nubian monuments. The largest and most famous one was the “Temple of Rameses, Beloved of Amun,” better known as Abu Simbel, movement of which took four years to accomplish. The entire field of Nubian monuments comprises a UNESCO World Heritage Site.